Penance And Reconciliation
All sin is an offense against God and a rejection of his perfect love
and justice. Yet, Jesus makes a distinction between two types of sins.
We call the most serious and grave sins, mortal sins. Mortal sins
destroy the grace of God in the heart of the sinner. By their very grave
nature, a mortal sin cuts our relationship off from God and turns man
away from his creator. St. Paul’s letter to the Hebrews tell us that
“if we sin willfully after having the knowledge of the truth, there
is now left no sacrifice for sins” (Hebrews 10:26).
The second type of sin, venial sin, that of less grave matter, does not
cut us off from Christ. However, venial sin does weaken grace in the
soul and damages our relationship with God. A person who frequently
indulges in venial sin is very likely to collapse into mortal sin if
they persist in their evil ways.
In order for a sin to be mortal, it must meet three conditions:
- Mortal sin is a sin of grave matter
- Mortal sin is committed with full knowledge of the sinner
- Mortal sin is committed with deliberate consent of the sinner
This means that mortal sins cannot be done “accidentally.” A person who
commits a mortal sin is one who knows that their sin is wrong, but still
deliberately commits the sin anyway. This means that mortal sins are
“premeditated” by the sinner and thus are truly a rejection of God’s law
At our parish there is an opportunity for Confession hallf an hour
before each Mass. On first Fridays of a month Confession is offered
until 9:00 pm.
How to make one’s Confession
Bless me, Father, for I have sinned.
I confess to God Almighty and to you, Father.
It has been ___________ (days, weeks, months, years) since my last
confession. I have received absolution and performed (not performed)
Then you tell your sins. All mortal sins must be confessed in order to
make a good confession. Venial sins may be confessed, and it is a very
beneficial to do so on a spiritual level. When you have finished, add:
For these and all the sins that I can’t remember, and all the sins of my
past life (you can specify one or another), I ask pardon of God and
penance and absolution of you, Father.
The priest then may give you some words of advise and he gives you a
penance. Then you say your act of contrition.
An act of Contrition
O my God, I am heartily sorry for having offended Thee and I detest all
my sins because I dread the loss of heaven and the pains of hell but
most of all because they offend Thee, my God, who art so good and
deserving of all my love. I firmly resolve, with the help of thy grace,
to confess my sins, to do penance and to amend my life. Amen.
The priest gives the absolution.
Before leaving, say to the priest:
Thank you, Father.